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SHIVAJI's Descendants

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Ekmarathistree
Wednesday, January 11, 2006 - 3:40 am:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

http://famous.adoption.com/famous/india-princely-states.html

The above website contains the following history of Shivaji's descendants.

At the end of the following historic information, I have added a quiz for those who will be diligently reading it in its entirety.


=============================================


The princely state of Satara in central India was founded in 1674 by Shivaji the Great (1627-1680) and ruled by the Bhonsle dynasty (who also provided the rulers of the states of Chittor and Udaipur) from then until it was annexed by the British Raj in 1848. During this period and up to the present day the dynasty has seen a number of adoptions. These are the adopted rajas of Satara:

Shrimant Shahu Shivaji Raje Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (1682-1749) Raja of Satara from 1707 to 1749, was not in fact adopted, but he was taken captive by the Mughals at Dohra in 1689 and only released in 1707, under conditions which rendered him a vassal of the Mughal emperors. It was his defeat of his half-brother Shrimant Raja Shahu Shivaji II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (1696-1726) and the dowager maharani and regent in 1707 which split the kingdom, with Shivaji II becoming raja of an independent Kolhapur until 1714. Although he had four wives who gave him two born-to sons and four born-to daughters, Shahu Shivaji also adopted two sons:

1. Meherban Shrimant Fatehsinh I Raje Sahib Bhonsle (?-1757), who was the birth son of Meherban Sayaji Lokhende, the patil of Parud, and who later became the first raja of Akalkot (carved out of the state of Satara, given to him by his uncle or father); and
2. the son who succeeded him as raja of Satara, Shrimant Rajaram II Raje Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib (1726-1777). Rajaram II was the posthumous son of Raja Shahu Shivaji II Bhonsle, the half-brother defeated by Shahu Shivaji Raje Bhonsle. Shivaji II had been overthrown in 1714 by his younger brother, Raja Shahu Sambhaji II Bhonsle, who then reigned until his death 1760. The baby, Shivaji II's rightful heir, posed a political threat to his uncle, and so was raised in secret by a Rajput family and then by one of his father's daughters by another wife, Krishna Bai, before being adopted in 1745 by his uncle, Shahu Shivaji Raje, as his heir. He had two wives but no born-to children and was succeeded by his adopted son …

Shrimant Maharajah Shahu II Raje Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib (?-1810). Also known as Abba Sahib [1], Shahu II was born Vithoji Bhonsle, the son of Shrimant Trimbukji Raje Bhonsle of Wavi and adopted by Rajaram II shortly before his death in 1777. Shahu II was succeeded by his born-to son, Maharajah Pratapsinh Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib, (deposed by the British and sent into exile in 1839), but the next raja …
Shrimant Maharajah Shahaji III Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib, also known as Abba Sahib [2] or Jangli Sahib Bhonsle Maharaj (1802-1848), was another adoptee. He, like Shahu II Raje, was also the birth son of Shrimant Sardar Trimbukji Raje Bhonsle. He was adopted by Maharajah Pratapsinh and succeeded him in 1839. It was on his death in 1848 that the Doctrine of Lapse was invoked, to veto the succession by his adopted son …
Shrimant Maharajah Venkuiraje Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (?-1864). Venkuiraje, also known as Bhau Sahib or Ventakji, was born the son of Shrimant Ambajirao Bhonsle and adopted by Shahji III on his deathbed. He was deposed in 1848 but continued to enjoy the titles and life-style of a non-ruling prince. Ventakji died in 1864 without having either born-to heirs or having adopted one, but after his death, his widow, Rani Saguna Bai Maharaj, adopted …
Shrimant Sardar Rajaram Bhonsle, who took the name Shrimant Raja Pratapsinhji I Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj as heir, and he succeeded to the titles in 1865, reigning until 1874. Pratapsinhji I also died without either a born-to or adopted heir, and his widow, Tara Bai likewise adopted a son to succeed him …
Shrimant Raja Rajaram III Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, who reigned 1874 to 1904. The next two rajas, Anna Sahib and Bhav Sahib, were both the born-to sons of Rajaram III, but yet again, when Bhav Sahib died in 1925, he left no born-to or adopted heir, and his widow, Tara Bai Sahib Maharaj, adopted an heir to succeed him …
Captain Shrimant Raja Shahu Pratapsinhji Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (1918-1950), born Shrimant Chandrasen Bhonsle. He succeeded to the title in 1925, immediately after his adoption. The following two rajas, including the present one, are not adoptees.

2. Kolhapur.

In 1707-10 a dispute over the succession led to the splitting of Satara into two: Satara proper and Kolhapur. These are the adopted rajas of Kolhapur:

Shrimant Raja Shahu Shivaji II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj (1756-1813) was born Shrimant Mankajirao Bhonsle, son of Shrimant Sardar Shahajirao Bhonsle. The previous raja, Srimanant Raja Shahu Sambhaji II Bhonsle (1698-1760), had died childless, but his seventh wife, Kusa Bai, was pregnant. The succession was left in abeyance, to see whether her child would be a son or daughter, but in the event she gave birth to a daughter. This left the throne vacant, and Mankajirao was then adopted by another of Sambhaji II's widows, his fourth wife, Maharani Jiji Bai Sahib Maharaj (1716-1773), who herself was the adopted daughter of the Chief of Torgal and the birth daughter of his brother). He was only six years old at the time of his accession and his adoptive mother and her co-widows were his regents until 1779.
Shrimant Raja Shivaji IV Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Shahaji Dam Altaphoo (1830-1866) had three sons, but they all died before him, so three days before he died he adopted his nephew, Meherban Shrimant Nagojirao Patankar, born in 1850, to succeed him. He took the name Shrimant Raja Rajaram I Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur, and reigned from 1866 to 1870. He died childless (his only child, a daughter, had lived only three months), and a year after he died his senior widow adopted …

* Shrimant Narayanrao Dinkarrao Bhonsle (1863-1883) in 1871, who took the name Shrimant Raja Shivaji IV Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur, and took the throne the same day. Shivaji IV became insane and only ruled in his own name until 1882, when he was locked away and a regent was appointed. He died the next year, assassinated by his guardian, a British soldier. He left no heirs, and two months later the British government appointed …
* Shrimant Maharajah Sir Shahu Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur (1874-1922) to take the throne in 1884. He was adopted in 1884 by Shivaji IV's widow and ascended the throne the same day, although as a minor the country was ruled by regents until 1894. Although the next raja was his born-to son, Maharajah Sir Rajaram II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur, who reigned 1922 to 1940, the succession then failed again, and the following raja …
* Shrimant Shivaji V Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur (1941-1946) was another adoptee. Shivaji V was born Pratapsinhrao Shankarrao Bhonsle, of the royal house of Satara, and was adopted by Rajaram II's widow, Maharani Tara Bai Sahib, just before his first birthday. He took the throne the same day, with his adoptive mother as regent, but died still aged only four, in 1946.

At this point Rajaram II's widow, Tara Bai Sahib, adopted the reigning (and adult) puar of Dewas, Vikramsinhrao
(1910-1983) as the new raja of Kolhapur. He abdicated the throne of Dewas in favor of his son and ascended the throne of Kolhapur as Shrimant Maharajah Sir Shahaji II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur in 1947. He almost immediately joined Kolhapur with the newly independent country of India, and in 1949 he merged Kolhapur with Mumbai. Shahaji II's only son was now the puar of Dewas and could not succeed him to the throne of Kolhapur, so he adopted his daughter's son …

* Shrimant Dilipsinhrao Rajaramsinhrao Bhonsle (1948- ) as his heir in 1962, with the name Shrimant Maharajah Shahu II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj Bahadur. He succeeded to the throne in 1983 when Shahaji II died, and is still (2001) the raja of Kolhapur.

=============================================

Quiz:

1) What was Shrimant Maharajah Shahu II Raje Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib also known as?

2) What name had Shrimant Sardar Rajaram Bhonsle assumed and under what circumstances had he been adopted?

3) What was the name of the Shrimant who was adopted by the fourth widowed wife of Srimanant Raja Shahu Sambhaji II Bhonsle?

4) Which Shrimant was locked away in 1882, and for what reason?

The above is a SERIOUS quiz to test the attentiveness of those who showed diligence in reading the entire history.


Robeenhood
Tuesday, February 07, 2006 - 5:47 pm:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

दिलचस्प बहोत दिल चस्प

Hawa_hawai
Wednesday, February 08, 2006 - 4:22 am:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

ditto robeenhood
वाचता वाचता ठरवले की ही नावे लक्षात ठेवुया पण लवकरच डोक्याचं खोबरं झालं आणि नाद सोडून दिला.

पण माहीत नसलेली माहिती मिळाली. Thanx ekmaratheestree


Ekmarathistree
Thursday, February 16, 2006 - 3:50 am:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

डोक्याचे खोबरे झाले हा वाक्प्रचार मजेशीर नक्की आहे.

त्या वाक्प्रचाराऐवजी मेन्दूचे खोबरे झाले असा जर वाक्प्रचार असता तर ते अधिक उचित ठरले असते. डोकेरूपी नारळातल्या मेन्दूचे शीण होऊन खोबर्यात रूपान्तर ह्या रूपकान्च्या जोड्या छान शोभतात! हो की नाही?


Puru
Thursday, February 23, 2006 - 9:17 am:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

थोड्क्यात, आता शिवाजी-राजान्चा एक ही खरा-खुरा वन्शज अस्तित्वात नाही.
All are adopted.
Just being curious - any idea about the descendents of Peshavaas? Any website you know of??

Savyasachi
Friday, February 24, 2006 - 7:04 am:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

huh...
nusta navancha rada .. baki kahi nahi. ani tyavar quiz kasla domblacha ghetay.
puru ne kadhalele saar hi ekach kay ti uttam bab ahe.

Champak
Friday, February 24, 2006 - 7:53 pm:   Edit Post Delete Post Print Post  Link to this message

ye, kon aahe tikade!

1 truck bharun pathava re savya kadE :-)

मायबोली
चोखंदळ ग्राहक
महाराष्ट्र धर्म वाढवावा
व्यक्तिपासून वल्लीपर्यंत
पांढर्‍यावरचे काळे
गावातल्या गावात
तंत्रलेल्या मंत्रबनात
आरोह अवरोह
शुभंकरोती कल्याणम्
विखुरलेले मोती







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